Strategies for Organic and Low-Input Integrated Breeding and Management
Responsable : Véronique Chable courriel
Contact dans l'unité : Véronique Chable
Durée : 2010-2015
SOLIBAM's overall objective is to develop specific and novel breeding approaches integrated with management practices to improve the performance, quality, sustainability and stability of crops adapted to organic and low-input systems, in their diversity in Europe and taking into account small-scale farms in Africa.
To achieve this, SOLIBAM will:
(1) Identify traits specific for adaptation to low-input/organic conditions over a wide range of agro-climatic conditions in Europe
(2) Develop efficient phenotyping, genotyping and molecular tools to monitor heritable variation during selection. Molecular analysis of functional polymorphisms will increase accuracy in breeding methodologies and improve monitoring of genetic diversity and adaptation along generations. It will also increase the understanding of adaptive phenomena
(3) Develop the use of within-crop diversity to stabilise yield and quality in the face of current and increasing variation in organic and low-input agriculture
(4) Design, develop and test innovative arable and vegetable cropping systems based on integration of a high level of diversification in crop management with the use of genetically diverse populations or varieties
(5) Compare the effectiveness of different breeding strategies under conventional, low input and certified organic farming to set up optimal strategies for the production of varieties suitable for organic and low input farming taking into account the traits which are avoided in conventional breeding
(6) Develop methodologies for farmers’ participatory research that exploit SOLIBAM's advances in low-input and organic farming
(7) Quantify the effects and interactions of breeding and management innovations on crop nutritional, organoleptic and end-use quality
(8) Evaluate socio-economic and environmental impacts of SOLIBAM breeding and management innovations in order to identify farm business, consumer preference, food supply and legislation related issues that are likely to influence their adoption
(9) Disseminate knowledge to key stakeholders (farmers and extension services, seed companies, policy-makers, national offices for registration and seed control, food industry and consumers) and create a participatory framework that will allow exchanges between researchers and key stakeholders.