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UMR 950 INRA UCBN : Laboratoire d'Ecophysiologie Végétale, Agronomie & nutritions N.C.S.

Articles scientifiques


Gasperl A, Morvan-Bertrand A, Prud’homme MP, van der Graaff E, Roitsch T (2016) Exogenous classic phytohormones have limited regulatory effects on fructan and primary carbohydrate metabolism in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Frontiers in Plant Science 6:1251

Marchand L, Pelosi C, Gonzalez-Centeno MR, Maillard A, Ourry A, Galland W, Teissedre PL, Bessoule JJ, Mongrand S, Morvan-Bertrand A, Zhang Q, Grosbellet C, Bert V, Oustrière N, Mench M, Brunel-Muguet S (2016) Trace element bioavailability, yield and seed quality of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) modulated by biochar incorporation into a contaminated technosol. Chemosphere 156: 150-162

Volaire F, Ahmed LQ, Barre P, Bourgoin T, Durand JL, Escobar-Gutiérrez A, Fakiri M, Ghesquière M, Julier B, Kallida R, Louarn G, Morvan-Bertrand A, Picon-Cochard C, Prud’homme MP, Shaimi N, Zaka S, Zhouri L, Zwicke M (2016) Quelle est la variabilité intra- et interspécifique des caractères d’adaptation des espèces prairiales pérennes aux variables du changement climatique? Fourrages, 225: 1-9



Gasperl A, Morvan-Bertrand A, Prud’homme MP, van der Graaff E, Roitsch T (2015) A simple and fast kinetic assay for the determination of fructan exohydrolase activity in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Frontiers in Plant Science 6:1154 

Ould‐Ahmed M, Decau M-L, Morvan‐Bertrand A, Prud'homme MP, Lafrenière C, Drouin P (2015) Fructan, sucrose and related enzyme activities are preserved in timothy (Phleum pratense L.) during wilting. Grass and Forage Science 72: 64–79

Zwicke M, Picon-Cochard C, Morvan-Bertrand A, Prud’homme MP, Volaire F (2015) What functional strategies drive drought survival and recovery of perennial species from upland grassland ? Annals of Botany 116:1001-1015

Ouvrages Scientifiques

Durand JL, Enjalbert J, Hazard L, Litrico I, Picon-Cochard C, Prud’homme MP, Volaire F (2015) Coordinateurs des actes du Colloque présentant les méthodes et résultats du projet Climagie (métaprogramme INRA ACCAF) Adaptation des prairies semées au changement climatique, 16-17 Novembre, Poitiers. ISBN : 2-7380-1383-X


Berthier A, Meuriot F, Dedaldechamp F, Lemoine R, Prud’homme MP, Noiraud-Romy N (2014) Identification of a new sucrose transporter in rye-grass (LpSUT2): effect of defoliation and putative fructose sensing. Plant physiology and Biochemistry 84: 32-44

Lothier J, Van Laere A, Prud’homme MP, Van den Ende W, Morvan-Bertrand A (2014) Cloning and characterization of a novel fructan 6-exohydrolase strongly inhibited by sucrose in Lolium perenne. Planta 240:629–643

Ould-Ahmed M, Decau ML, Morvan-Bertrand A, Prud’homme MP, Lafrenière C, Drouin P (2014) Plant maturity and nitrogen fertilization affected fructan metabolism in harvestable tissues of timothy (Phleum pratense L.). Journal of Plant Physiology 171:1479–1490

Niderkorn V, Ginane C, Dumont B, Andueza D, Le Morvan A, Decau ML, Morvan-Bertrand A,  Picon-Cochard C, (2014) Changes in forage quality of an upland permanent grassland under climate change including a summer extreme drought combined with a heat wave. Options Méditerranéennes Série A 109:201-205


BENOT M-L., SACCONE P., VICENTE R., PAUTRAT E., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., DECAU M-L., GRIGULIS K., PRUD’HOMME M-P., & LAVOREL S., 2013. How extreme summer weather may limit the control of Festuca paniculata by hay-meadow management in subalpine grasslands. Plant Ecology & Diversity. (doi)   (correspondence)  


FURET P-M., BERTHIER A., DECAU M-L., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., PRUD'HOMME M-P., NOIRAUD-ROMY N. and MEURIOTF. (2012). Differential regulation of two sucrose transporters by light and defoliation conditions in perennial ryegrass. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 61: 88-96.  (doi)   (correspondence)  

LATTANZI F-A., GAMNITZER U., WILD M., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., DECAU M-L., LEHMEIER CA., MEURIOT F.,PRUD’HOMME M-P., SCHAUFELE R., & SCHNYDER H., 2012. Fluxes in central carbohydrate metabolism of source leaves in a fructan-storing C3 grass – rapid turnover and futile cycling of sucrose in continuous light under contrasted nitrogen nutrition status. Journal of Experimental Botany 63:2363-2375.   (doi)   (correspondence)  


ABDALLAH M., ETIENNE P., OURRY A., & MEURIOT F., 2011. Do initial S reserves and mineral S availability alter leaf SN mobilization and leaf senescence in oilseed rape? Plant Science, 180: 511-520. (doi)   (correspondence)    

COMBES D., DECAU ML., JACQUET J., SIMON JC., SINOQUET H., SONOHAT G., RAKOCEVIC M., & VARLET-GRANCHER C., 2011. Simulating grazing of a white clover 3D virtual sward canopy and the balance between bite mass and light capture by the residual sward. Annals of Botany 108(6):1203-1212. (doi)   (correspondence

LASSEUR B., LOTHIER J., WIEMKEN A., VAN LAERE A., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., VAN DEN ENDE W., & PRUD’HOMME MP., 2011. Towards a better understanding of the generation of fructan structure diversity in plants: molecular and functional characterization of a sucrose:fructan 6-fructosyltransferase (6-SFT) cDNA from perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 62:1871-1875. (doi)   (correspondence) 


ABDALLAH M., DUBOUSSET L., MEURIOT F., ETIENNE P., AVICE JC., & OURRY A., 2010. Effect of mineral sulphur availability on nitrogen and sulphur uptake and remobilization during the vegetative growth of Brassica napus L. Journal of Experimental Botany 61(10):2635-2646.  (doi)   (corespondence)   

LOTHIER J., LASSEUR B., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., & PRUD’HOMME MP., 2010. Hexokinase dependent sugar signaling represses fructan exohydrolase (FEH) activity in Lolium perenne. Functional Plant Biology 37:1151-1160.  (doi)   (corespondence)  


LASSEUR B., SCHROEVEN L., LAMMENS W., LE ROY K., SPANGENBERG G., MANDUZIO H., VERGAUWEN R., LOTHIER J., PRUD'HOMME M.P. & W. VAN DEN ENDE, 2009. Transforming a Fructan:Fructan 6G-Fructosyltransferase from Perennial Ryegrass into a Sucrose:Sucrose 1-Fructosyltransferase. Plant Physiology, 2009 149: 327-339.  (doi)   (corespondence)    

BERTHIER A, DESCLOS M., AMIARD V., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., DEMMING-ADAMS B., ADAMS W., TURGEON R., PRUD'HOMME MP., NOIRAUD-ROMY N. (2009) Activation of sucrose transport in defoliated Lolium perenne L. : an example of apoplastic phloem loading plasticity. Plant and Cell Physiology, 50 : 1329-1344.  (doi)   (corespondence)  


LEE BR, JIN YL, JUNG WJ, AVICE JC, MORVAN-BERTRAND A, OURRY A, CHAN-WOO PARK CW, KIM TH, 2008 Water-deficit accumulates sugars by starch degradation—not by de novo synthesis—in white clover leaves (Trifolium repens). Physiologia Plantarum 134: 403-411.   (doi)  (correspondence)  



LASSEUR B., LOTHIER J., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., ESCOBAR-GUTIERREZ A., HUMPHREYS M.O. & M.P. PRUD’HOMME, 2007. Impact of defoliation frequency on regrowth and carbohydrate metabolism in contrasting varieties of Lolium perenne. Functional Plant Biology. 34, 418-430 . (doi)   (correspondence)

LOTHIER J., LASSEUR B., LE ROY K., VAN LAERE A., PRUD’HOMME M.P., BARRE P., VAN DEN ENDE W. & A. MORVAN-BERTRAND, 2007. Cloning gene mapping and functional analysis of a fructan 1-exohydrolase (1-FEH) from Lolium perenne rather implicated in fructan synthesis than in fructan mobilisation. Journal of Experimental Botany. 58, 1969-1983.  (doi)   (correspondence)  

JUCHAUX-CACHAU M, LANDOUAR-ARSIVAUD L, PICHAULT JP, CAMPION C, PORCHERON B, JEAUFFRE J, NOIRAUD-ROMY N, SIMONEAU P, MAUROUSSET L, LEMOINE R (2007). Characterization of AgMaT2, a plasma membrane mannitol transporter from celery, expressed in phloem cells, including phloem parenchyma cells. Plant Physiology, 145 : 62-74.  (doi)   (corresppndence)  

Chapitre d'ouvrage

PRUD’HOMME M.P., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., LASSEUR B., LOTHIER J., MEURIOT F., DECAU M.L., NOIRAUD-ROMY N., 2007. Lolium perenne, backbone of sustainable development, source of fructans for grazing animals and potential source of novel enzymes for biotechnology. In Shiomi N., Benkeblia N., Onodera S. (eds) Recent advances in fructooligosaccharides research. Research Signpost Publisher, Kerala. Chapter 12, pp 231-258.  (correspondence)  


LASSEUR B., LOTHIER J., DJOUMAD A., DE CONNICK B., SMEEKENS S., VAN LAERE A., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., VAN DEN ENDE W. & M.P. PRUD’HOMME, 2006. Molecular and functional characterization of cDNA encoding fructan:fructan 6G-fructosyltransferase (6G-FFT)/ fructan:fructan 1-fructosyltransferase (1-FFT) from perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Journal of Experimental Botany. 57, 2719-2734. (doi)  (correspondence)   


MEURIOT F., SIMON J-C, DECAU M-L., PRUD’HOMME M-P., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., GASTAL F. VOLENEC J.J, & J-C AVICE, 2005. Contribution of initial C and N reserves in Medicago sativa L. recovering from defoliation: modulation by the cutting height and the residual leaf area. Functional Plant Biology, 32, 321-334. (doi)  (correspondence)    



AMIARD V., MORVAN-BERTRAND A.,CLIQUET J.B., BILLARD J.P., HUAULT C., SANDSTRÖM J. & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 2004. Carbohydrate and amino acid composition in Lolium perenne phloem sap before and after defoliation. Canadian Journal of Botany. 82, 1594-1601. (doi)    (correspondence)    

POULAIN N., DEZ I., PERRIO C., LASNE M.C., PRUD’HOMME M.P. & E. NAKACHE, 2004. Microspheres based on inulin for the controlled release of serine protease inhibitors : preparation, characterization and in vitro release. Journal of controlled release, 92 (1-2), 27-38.  (doi)     (correspondence

SIMON J-C., DECAU M-L., AVICE J-C., JACQUET A., MEURIOT F., & J-M. ALLIRAND, 2004. Effects of initial N reserve status and residual leaf area after cutting on leaf area and organ establishment during regrowth of alfalfa. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 84, 1059-1066.   (doi)     (correspondence) 

SIMON J-C., JACQUET A., DECAU M-L., GOULAS E. & F. LE DILY, 2004. Influence of cutting frequency on the morphology and the C and N reserve status of two cultivars of white clover (Trifolium repens L.). European Journal of Agronomy 20, 341-350.  (doi)   (correspondence)   

MEURIOT F., AVICE J-C., SIMON J-C., LAINE P., DECAU M-L. & A. OURRY, 2004. Influence of initial organic N reserves and residual leaf area on growth, N uptake, N partitioning and N storage in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) during post-cutting regrowth. Annals of Botany 94, 311-324.  (doi)   (correspondence)  

MEURIOT F., NOQUET C., AVICE J-C., VOLENEC J.J., CUNNINGHAM S.M., SORS T.G., CAILLOT S. & A. OURRY, 2004. Methyl jasmonate alters N partitioning, N reserves accumulation and induces gene expression of a 32-kDa vegetative storage protein that possesses chitinase activity in Medicago sativa taproots. Physiologia Plantarum, 120, 113-123.   (doi)   (correspondence)  

Publication technique ou de vulgarisation

SIMON J-C., AVICE J-C., PRUD’HOMME M-P., & A. MORVAN-BERTRAND, 2004. Fonctionnement des couverts prairiaux : 2- les effets physiologiques liés à la coupe. Guide de l’Herbe 2004. (correspondence)  



DECAU M.L., SIMON J.C. & A. JACQUET, 2003. Nitrate leaching from grassland lysimeters treated with 15N labelled cattle urine. Journal of Environmental Quality, 33, 637-644.  (doi)       (correspondence)

AMIARD V., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., BILLARD J.P., HUAULT C., & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 2003. Fate of fructose supplied to leaf sheaths after defoliation of Lolium perenne L. Assessment by 13C-fructose labelling. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54, 1231-1243.  (doi)    (correspondence) 

AMIARD V., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., BILLARD J.P., HUAULT C., KELLER F. & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 2003. Fructans, but not sucrosyl-galactosides, raffinose and loliose, are affected by drougth stress in Lolium perenne L. Plant Physiology. 132, 2218-2229.  (doi)      (correspondence)

DECAU M.L., SIMON J.C. & A. JACQUET, 2003. Fate of urine nitrogen in three soils troughout a grazing seasons. Journal of Environmental Quality, 32, 1405-1413.   (doi)     (correspondence)  

MEURIOT F., AVICE J-C., DECAU M.L., SIMON J-C., LAINE P., VOLENEC J.J. & A. OURRY, 2003. Accumulation of N reserves and vegetative storage protein (VSP) in taproots of non-nodulated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) are affected by mineral N availability. Plant Science, 165, 709-718.  (doi)      (correspondence) 
NOQUET C., MEURIOT F., CAILLOT S., AVICE J-C., OURRY A., CUNNINGHAM S.M. & J.J. VOLENEC, 2003. Short-day photoperiod induces changes in N uptake, N partitioning and accumulation of vegetative storage proteins in two Medicago sativa L. cultivars. Functional Plant Biology 30, 853-863.  (doi)     (correspondence)

Publication techniques ou de vulgarisation

VARLET-GRANCHER C., RAKOCEVIC M., SIMON J.C., JACQUET A., DECAU M.L., AVICE J.C., LE DILY F., PRUD'HOMME M.P. & H. SINOQUET, 2000. Impact de la défoliation sur l'architecture aérienne d'un couvert prairial (exemple du trèfle blanc). Rapport intermédiaire du chantier défoliation, 24 pages (correspondence)  


AVICE J.C., LOUAHLIA S., KIM T.H., JACQUET A., MORVAN-BERTRAND A., PRUD'HOMME M.P., OURRY A. & J.C. SIMON, 2001. Influence des réserves azotées et carbonées sur la repousse des espèces prairiales. Fourrages 165, 3-22.  (doi)     (correspondence)   

MORVAN-BERTRAND A., ERNSTSEN A., LINDGARD B., KOSHIOKA M., LE SAOS J., BOUCAUD J.,PRUD'HOMME M.P. & O. JUNTTILA, 2001. Endogenous gibberellins in Lolium perenne and influence of defoliation on their contents in elongating leaf bases and in leaf sheaths. Physiologia Plantarum 111, 225-231.   (doi)     (correspondence) 

MORVAN-BERTRAND A., BOUCAUD J., LE SAOS J., & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 2001. Roles of fructans from leaf sheaths and from the elongating leaf bases in the regrowth following defoliation of Lolium perenne L. Planta 213, 109-120. .  (doi)     (correspondence)  

NOIRAUD N., MAUROUSSET L. & R. LEMOINE, 2001. Identification of a mannitol transporter AgMaT1 in celery (Apium graveolens L.) phloem. Plant Cell 13, 695-705.   (doi)    (correspondence)  

NOIRAUD N., MAUROUSSET L. & R. LEMOINE, 2001. Transport of polyols in higher plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 39, 717-728.   (doi)    (correspondence)  

PAVIS N., CHATTERTON N.J., HARRISON P.A., BAUMGARTNER S., PRAZNIK W., BOUCAUD J. & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 2001. Structure of fructans in roots and leaf tissues of Lolium perenne. New Phytologist 150, 83-95.   (doi)    (correspondence)  

PAVIS N., BOUCAUD J. & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 2001. Fructans and fructan-metabolizing enzymes (SST and GG-FT) along the sheaths, the blades and the elongating leaves of Lolium perenne. New Phytologist 150, 97-109.   (doi)   (correspondence) 

SMITH K.F., SIMPSON R.J., CULVENOR R.A., HUMPHREYS M.O., PRUD'HOMME M.P. & R.N. ORAM, 2001. The effects of ploidy and a phenotype conferring a higt water-soluble carbohydrate concentration on carbohydrate accumulation, nutritive value and morphology of perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L.). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge, 136, 65-74. (doi)   (correspondence)   


NOIRAUD N., DELROT S. & R. LEMOINE, 2000. The sucrose transporter of celery: identification and expression during salt stress. Plant Physiology 122, 1447-1455.  (doi)    (correspondence)   



GUERRAND D., AVICE J.C., PAVIS N., PRUD'HOMME M.P. & J. BOUCAUD, 1999. Fructan biosynthesis in Lolium perenne : appraisal of soluble and insoluble enzymatic pathways. New Phytologist 141, 109-118. (doi)   (correspondence)  

MORVAN-BERTRAND A., PAVIS N., BOUCAUD J. & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 1999. Partitioning of reserve and newly assimilated carbon in roots and leaf tissues of Lolium perenne during regrowth after defoliation : assessment by 13 C steady-state labelling and carbohydrate analysis. Plant, Cell and Environment 22, 1097-1108.   (doi)   (correspondence) 

MORVAN-BERTRAND A., BOUCAUD J. & M.P. PRUD'HOMME, 1999. Influence of initial levels of carbohydrates, fructans, nitrogen, and soluble proteins on regrowth of Lolium perenne L. cv. Bravo following defoliation. Journal of Experimental Botany 341, 1817-1826. (doi)  (correspondence) 

Publication thecnique ou de vulgarisation

SIMON J.C., DECAU M.L. & F. VERTES, 1999. Dynamique des flux d'azote en prairie pâturée. Journée technique “Fertilisation azotée des prairies dans l'ouest” Rennes 27-39.


Publication thecnique ou de vulgarisation

SIMON J.C., DECAU M.L. & T. MORVAN, 1998. Facteurs de variation du devenir de l'azote des déjections bovines sur les surfaces fourragères. 5ème Rencontre Recherche Ruminants (Paris, 2 et 3 Décembre), 193-200.  (correspondence)



DELABY L., DECAU M.L., PEYRAUD J.L. & P. ACCARIE, 1997. "AzoPât : Une description quantifiée des flux annuels d'azote en prairie pâturée par les vaches laitières. I - Les flux associés à l'animal". Fourrages 151, 297-311. (doi)   (correspondence)

DECAU M.L., DELABY L. & B. ROCHE, 1997. "AzoPât : Une description quantifiée des flux annuels d'azote en prairie pâturée par les vaches laitières. II - Les flux du système Sol-Plante". Fourrages 151, 313-330. (doi)(correspondence) 

FARRUGGIA A., DECAU M.L., VERTES F. & L. DELABY, 1997. En prairie, la balance azotée à l'échelle de la parcelle. Fourrages 151, 281-296. (doi) (correspondence)   

MORVAN A., CHALLE G., PRUD'HOMME M.P., LE SAOS J. & J. BOUCAUD, 1997. Rise of fructan exohydrolase activity in stubble of Lolium perenne L. after defoliation, is decreased by uniconazole, an inhibitor of the biosynthesis of gibberellins. New Phytologist 136, 81-88. (doi)   (correspondence)  

SIMON J.C., VERTES F., DECAU M.L. & L. LE CORRE, 1997. "Les flux d'azote au pâturage. I - Bilans à l'exploitation et lessivage du nitrate sous prairies". Fourrages 151, 249-262  (doi) (correspondence)    

VERTES F., SIMON J.C., LE CORRE L. & M.L. DECAU, 1997. "Les flux d'azote au pâturage. II - Etude des flux et de leurs effets sur le lessivage". Fourrages 151, 263-280.  (doi) (correspondence)  

Publications techniques ou de vulgarisation

SIMON J.C. & M.L. DECAU, 1997. Prairie et environnement : lessivage d'azote sous pâture. In "Le Guide de l'herbe", brochure éditée par les Chambres d'Agriculture de Basse Normandie, 5 p. (correspondance) 

SIMON J.C., DECAU M.L., RIBOLINI G. & D. PERRIN, 1997. Le dispositif lysimétrique du Robillard (1993) : mise en place. Note présentée à l'ocasion de l'inauguration du dispositif, 15 p.  (correspondance)

SIMON J.C., DECAU M.L., JACQUET A., RIBOLINI G. & D. PERRIN, 1997. Le dispositif lysimétrique du Robillard (1993-1996) : période de vérification). Note interne INRA, 23 p.  (correspondance)

SIMON J.C., DECAU M.L. & F. VERTES, 1997. Chargement animal et pollution nitrique sous prairie". Le courrier de l'environnement de l'INRA, 30, 29-34.  (correspondance)

SIMON J.C., DECAU M.L., VERTES F. & L. LE CORRE, 1997. Maîtrise de la production et du devenir de l'azote des déjections en élevage bovin : approche agronomique de la pollution nitrique en prairie pâturée. Rapport final de l'AIP ARMOR (Espace rural armoricain : maîtrise des pollutions et de leurs impacts sur les agro et écosystèmes), 26 p.  (correspondance)


GUERRAND D., PRUD'HOMME M.P. & J. BOUCAUD, 1996. Fructan metabolism is expanding leaves, mature leaf sheaths and mature leaf blades of Lolium perenne L. Fructan synthesis, fructosyltranferase and invertase activities. New Phytologist. 134, 205-214. (doi)   (correspondence) 

OURRY A., MACDUFF J.H., PRUD'HOMME M.P. & J. BOUCAUD, 1996. Diurnal variation in the simultaneous uptake and "sink" allocation of NH 4 + and NO 3 - by Lolium perenne in flowing solution culture. Journal of Experimental Botany, 47, 305, 1853-1863. (doi)    (corresponding author)

Chapitre d’ouvrage
OURRY A., DECAU M.L. & P. LAINE, 1996. Plant N uptake in relation with nitrate availability in soil. INRA/BBSRC meeting, INRA eds. (correspondence)


Publication technique ou de vulgarisation

DECAU M.L., 1995. Etudes sur la pollution nitrique en prairie dans l'Ouest de la France. Bull. PRIA, 62-63.  (correspondence)